Thu. Feb 25th, 2021

Smallholders and family farms, Indigenous people, rural women, youth, and landless rural communities are being squeezed into increasingly smaller parcels of land or forced out entirely as global land inequality grows around the world, according to a new report. The report, led by the International Land Coalition in collaboration with Oxfam, found that the wealthiest 10% of rural populations across the countries sampled own 60% of the land value, while the poorest 50% of rural populations, who are generally more dependent on agriculture, only own 3% of the land value. About 84% of farms are smaller than 2 hectares (5 acres) in size, but they operate only about 12% of total farmland by area. This land inequality threatens the livelihoods of an estimated 2.5 billion people involved in smallholder agriculture, and marks an increase in equality of 41% from previous estimates. Ward Anseeuw, a co-author of the report and coordinator of the initiative, said the problem isn’t just that land equality has been underestimated and is growing, but also that the “research shows as well that all of these are worse than we think.” The number of smallholders under threat from this growing inequality is significantly higher than previously estimated because researchers historically relied on traditional census data and the Gini coefficient to quantify land inequality. This method, however, excludes vital pieces of information, such as the value of land, multiple ownership, and landlessness, as well as the control a person or an entity has over it. To correct for…This article was originally published on Mongabay
Sourced from Conservation news